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27 Feb

Date: Saturday February 27, 2021
Time: 10:00 am to 2:00 pm

NANPS will be an exhibitor at this event and will have a few volunteers in the break-out rooms to answer questions about growing native plants and about our organization. For more info about the event see Toronto Seedy Saturday

Our Seedex is a benefit of membership. Once member requests have been fulfilled, we usually bring our seeds to events such as Seedy Saturday. Because we cannot meet in person this year, we have opened up our Seedex to the general public. More details as well as the Seedex list can be seen here

25 Feb

Join Jessica Linton for an evening devoted to The Wild and Wonderful World of Butterflies in NANPS 2021 Speaker Series

Date: Thursday February 25, 2021, 7:00 – 8:30 pm
Location: online

Jessica will talk about the biology of butterflies and the important roles they play in our natural environment. In this presentation you will learn about:
-the fascinating biology of butterflies and their different life history strategies
-ecosystem services butterflies provide
-how to make your garden a functional habitat for butterflies 12 months of the year

Jessica Linton is a Senior Biologist at Natural Resource Solutions Inc. (NRSI) with over 13 years of project management experience related to species at risk and pollinating insects. She manages a wide range of projects for NRSI that encompass scientific research, recovery planning, impact assessment, and developing conservation strategies. Her main area of expertise is butterfly ecology, although she has a strong general knowledge of other arthropods, especially pollinating insects, and other taxonomic groups. Jessica has a Federal Ministerial appointment to Canada’s Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) Arthropod Species Specialist Subcommittee, she founded and Chairs the Ontario Butterfly Species at Risk Recovery and Implementation Team, and she is the President of the Toronto Entomologist’s Association. Jessica also leads annual ecotours to the Monarch overwintering grounds in Mexico for Worldwide Quest Nature Tours.

Below is a video of the talk

This webinar was presented with support from Faith & the Common Good, David Suzuki Foundation, Live Green Toronto and TD Friends of the Environment Foundation.

Thank you, Jessica, and thank you to all our participants for your questions and emails!

One topic that was brought up from our viewers was the widely cultivated, non-native Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), which is invasive in parts of the US and potentially greater areas due to the effects of climate change.

As we promote native plants that have multiple, long established ecological functions in their location, please know that NANPS only offers locally sourced native plants at our plant sales, and our seed exchange ‘Seedex’ only offers species native to North America.

For more information on native plants that serve as great butterfly and moth larval host plants and nectar sources, be sure to check out these links:

In Canada:

The David Suzuki Foundation’s Lists for Eastern & Western Canada:…​…​

Carolinian Canada’s Guide:…​

In the US:

The National Wildlife Federation’s Butterfly-Native Plant Finder, which is based on the research of Dr. Doug Tallamy:​

24 Oct


Date: Saturday October 24, 2020
Time: 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm EDT
Location: Online

Register here The meeting will be via Zoom and the link to join the meeting will be emailed to registrants closer to the date.

1:00 – 1:45 pm: Business part of the meeting. All are welcome to attend, but only members can vote*
1:45 – 2:00 pm: Presentation about NANPS and its activities
2:00 – 2:45 pm: Moderated group chats with participants from various regions of North America*
2:45 – 3:00 pm: Native Plant Garden Video Contest and closing remarks

*A vote will be taken on these items, please follow the links for more info.
1.To approve the 2019 Financial Statement
2. To approve the 2019 AGM minutes
3. An amendment to Bylaw 2
4. Board of directors: Adam, Alice, Atena, Dilys, Donna, Janice, Jason, Ralph and Subroto will stand for the upcoming year on the board. Their bios can be seen on the board of directors page.

*Group Chat Discussion Topic: What are the major issues (positive and negative) you are facing regarding native plants in your local area?

Other time zones: 2:30-4:30 pm NDT, 2-4 pm ADT, 12-2 pm CDT, 11-1 pm MDT, 10-12 pm PDT, 9-11 AKDT

Native Garden Video Contest

Selected videos will be featured and the Finalists and Grand Prize winner announced in a presentation at our AGM. We encourage you to view the submitted videos prior to the AGM. Those attending will be able to cast their vote for their favourite video.

We’ve been posting the submissions on our social media; Instagram Twitter and Facebook. By Oct. 21, afternoon, all the videos will be posted.
Congratulations to our six semi-finalists.
In order of time of submission, they are:
1) Sayeh, Toronto
2) Dylan & Cassandra, Niagara Falls
3) Laura, Whitchurch-Stouffville
4) Mike, Chatham-Kent
5) Baz, Peterborough
6) Kimberlee, Mulmur

31 May

Webinar: Native Plant Gardening on Your Balcony with Ryan Godfrey
Sunday May 31, 4:00 – 5:00 pm

Turn your apartment balcony into a haven for native plants and wildlife! Join us on Sunday, 31 May, and learn from NANPS board director, WWF-Canada ecologist and botanist extraordinaire (and 6th-floor condo-dweller) Ryan Godfrey about how he manages to grow beautiful native plants on his balcony, attracting bees and other pollinators. Hear his tips for success that will allow you to create and enjoy your own urban native plant oasis. There will be a Q&A session after Ryan’s presentation. Webinar is hosted by NANPS director Atena Keshavarzian.

Below is a video of the talk

04 Mar

NANPS Spring Speaker Series 2020

The Wild and Wonderful World of Bees by Dr. Laurence Packer

Date: Wednesday March 4, 2020, 7- 8:30 pm
Location: Multi-faith Centre (Koffler Building) University of Toronto, Toronto Ontario.

Laurence Packer is a Professor of Biology at York University where he has worked since 1988. He teaches Entomology and Biodiversity courses. His research is on bees. He and his students have published over 200 research papers on various topics including sociobiology, conservation, genetics, phylogenetics, biogeography and taxonomy, mostly of bees. His book “Keeping the bees” was published by HarperCollins and “Bees: a close-up look at pollinators around the world” with Sam Droege was published by Voyageur Press. He and his team have described over 170 new species of bees. The collection that he has started at York University now includes several hundred thousand specimens with examples from well over 100 countries and hundreds of new species awaiting description. He has been a member of the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada and the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada’s Evaluation Group for Ecology and Evolution (twice). His research has been funded by the latter organization as well as National Geographic, Genome Canada, the Weston Foundation, the Canadian Foundation for Innovation and by private donations.

Below is a video of the talk.

10 Oct

NANPS will have an information booth at the fourth annual Urban Ravine Symposium. The symposium is a full day of ravine exploration, learning and fun. NEW this year is a second day of plant-focused programming – the Urban Tree Workshop happening the very next day. Register for both events and save!

Through tours, talks, displays and networking, this event will contribute greatly to the growing enthusiasm and expertise for urban ravine restoration. Check-out the exciting presentation line-up – a little science, a little art, and a whole lot of inspiration! Price includes all presentations, lunch and coffee breaks.

Early bird registration prices in effect until September 20. Prices include coffee breaks and lunch.

Visit this link for more details and to register now!

26 Oct

The NANPS AGM & Social is fast approaching, and will be Saturday October 26th, 9:30 am to 12:00. Once again we will be at the lovely Toronto Botanical Garden, in Toronto Ontario. We hope you can join us for a half day of NANPS updates, speakers, awards, refreshments and time spent with fellow native plant enthusiasts.

We have a fantastic line up of presenters to share with you! Our keynote speaker is Brenna Anstett of LEAF (Local Enhancement and Appreciation of Forests) who will present on LEAF’s work on promoting the importance of the urban forest and helping people plant native trees and shrubs. We will also hear from In the Zone , a World Wildlife Fund program that provides tools to gardeners in the Carolinian zone to help them create habitat for wildlife in their own yards.

This is a free event, however we ask that you register so we can plan for refreshments! Reserve your spot here.

Save the Date - NANPS 2019 AGM & Social

Save the Date – NANPS 2019 AGM & Social

14 Jul

Join other NANPS members on Sunday, July 14, 2019 for an excursion to Zinkan Island Cove, Bruce County (near Lion’s Head) at 9:50AM

Zinkan Island Cove is a 5 hectare property of the west shore of the Bruce Peninsula owned by the North American Native Plant Society, and is designated as an Area of Natural or Scientific Interest (ANSI). This trip is a joint venture for NANPS and the Field Botanists of Ontario (FBO) to explore and inventory the site.

Most of the site is densely wooded with balsam fir, trembling aspen, white cedar, and white birch, with a diverse understory. The remainder of the property is a shoreline alvar dominated by Smooth Twig-rush (Cladium mariscoides), Canada Blue-joint grass (Calamagrostis canadensis), Slender Sedge and sweet gale (Myrica gale).

Register on Eventbrite today as spots are limited! Tickets are $15.

Visit the NANPS website for more information on Zinkan Island Cove.

Zinkan Island Cove

17 Apr

NANPS is proud to announce an evening with Lorraine Johnson, Wednesday April 17th, 2019, 7:30 pm – 9:00pm at the Koffler House (Multi-Faith Centre) University of Toronto, 569 Spadina Ave. Toronto, Ontario.

Lorraine will present: Unsettling the Garden: How native plants connect with reconciliation and healing the land; a non indigenous perspective.

Lorraine Johnson is past president of NANPS, an avid gardener and author of many books on native plants, including 100 Easy to Grow Native Plants for Canadian Gardens.

Online registration is now open! Tickets are $10 with a NANPS membership, $15 for General Public, and free for University of Toronto students (please show student ID at the door).

30 Mar

Scarborough Seedy Saturday, Information Table
Saturday March 30, 2019, 11am – 4pm, at the Blessed Cardinal Newman High School, 100 Brimley Road South, Scarborough.

27 Apr

Plant Faire, Saturday April 27, 9:00 am to 2:00 pm. NANPS will have an information booth at the 3rd annual Plant Faire. There will be plants for sale, garden professionals and free admission! Visit the RBG website for more information.

Plant Faire RBG Centre

28 Apr

NANPS will have an information table at this annual planting in Markham, ON. Visit the 10,000 Trees website for more information and to register for the event.
Stonebridge Drive and Major Mackenzie Rd. E (west of McCowan Rd).

13 Mar

Join NANPS on Wednesday March 13th, 2019 for an educational and enjoyable evening with Scott MacIvor, 7:00– 8:30pm, Wilson Hall, New College, University of Toronto, 40 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario.(PLEASE NOTE, this location has been updated since this event was originally planned).

Scott will introduce us to common bee species of Toronto, their habitat, impacts on bees in cities, and how to create nesting opportunities for urban bees.

Scott MacIvor is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Toronto Scarborough. He is interested in plants and pollinators in cities and more broadly, the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning of green infrastructure, including public and private gardens, parks, and green roofs. Scott collaborates nationally and internationally, as well, with the City of Toronto on a number of projects, including the ‘Bees of Toronto’ Biodiversity Series book, and the Pollinator Protection Strategy.

Online registration is open now! NANPS members $10, General Public $15. University of Toronto students are free (please have student ID ready at the door).

08 Mar

Canada Blooms, the country’s largest show of it’s kind is coming up Friday March 8 – Sunday March 17th. The 2019 theme is a Family Affair, and the show includes a kid friendly playzone, as well as garden displays, workshops, speakers and a flower show.

NANPS will have a booth for the first few days of the show (Friday March 8 – Tuesday March 12). Stop by with your native plant questions!

02 Mar

NANPS & the Toronto Botanical Garden are proud to announce a half day seed germination workshop at the TBG with native plant expert Paul Heydon, Saturday March 2nd 2019, 9:30am – 12pm.

Paul Heydon, owner of Grow Wild! Native Plant Nursery in Omemee, near Peterborough, will discuss native seed harvesting and germination techniques, including stratification, scarification and double dormancy. Students will discover easily-propagated species, as well as some more challenging woodland plants, and will also participate in a seed treatment activity.

Paul is a biologist, landscape designer and more! His company provides biological consulting, ecological restoration, Ecosystem Land Classification surveying, and locally-sourced native plants. When not busy in the nursery or at restoration sites, Paul spends his time exploring nearby nature with his two young children.

23 Feb

Get the Jump on Spring & Seedy Saturday, Information Table
Saturday February 23, 2019, 10:00 am to 3:00 pm
Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. East, Toronto
for more info about Get the Jump on Spring & Seedy Saturday

26 Jan

NANPS will once again have an information table set up at the Guelph Organic Conference on Jan. 26 and 27, 2019. The conference takes place January 24- 27th in Guelph, Ontario.

For more information on the Conference, including online registration, please visit

12 Jan

Master Gardeners Technical Update, Information Table
Date: Saturday January 12, 2019
Location: Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. E, Toronto

27 Oct

Save the date! The NANPS 2018 AGM & Social will be Saturday October 27th at the Toronto Botanical Garden (777 Lawrence Ave East Toronto Ontario). Join us to learn more about NANPS and meet other NANPS supporters & members.

NANPS will host the Ontario Nature regional meeting for Lake Ontario North after the business part of our AGM. Each Ontario Nature member group will speak briefly about their activities and projects.

We will also have the pleasure of a guided walk through nearby Wilket Creek Park, led by Alan Colley of Toronto Aboriginal Eco Tours.

The AGM will start at 9:00 am, a light lunch will be provided and it will finish earlier than in previous years (3:30).
Please bring your own cup, water bottle and dish if possible, thank you!

Tickets are free, but reserve your spot here, as seating is limited!
There will be a donation basket at the event to help us cover costs.

Can’t make it for the whole day? Check out the day’s agenda below and join us for part of the event!

NANPS AGM & Social and Ontario Nature Regional Meeting

9:00 – 9:35 NANPS Business Meeting
Financial Report
Meet Your Board

9:35 – 10:00 Refreshment Break

10:00 – 11:30 Welcome Ontario Nature, Lake Ontario North region
Ontario Nature member group presentations

11:30 – 12:20 NANPS Awards Presentations
Volunteer Award
Founders Conservation Award
Richard Woolger Cultivation Award
Garden Award

12:20 – 1:00 Light Lunch

1:00 – 1:15 NANPS Year in Review

1:15 – 2:00 Ontario Nature: Board Update and Nature Network Update

2:00 – 2:30 Introduction to Alan Colley
Walk to hike start location

2:30 – 3:30 Hike with Alan Colley, Wilket Creek Park

27 Sep

NANPS is proud to co-host this talk by Nancy Turner, at the Toronto Botanical Garden on September 27, 2018

Nancy will present some of the most interesting wild berry species, describing their cultural significance, traditional harvesting and processing techniques, and population threats. She will also demonstrate how many wild berry species are easily propagated, and grow particularly well in garden settings where they provide beauty, interest and food.

This event is free for NANPS & TBG members!
Tickets and more information here

23 Sep

NANPS will have an information booth set up, including kid friendly activities, at the Leslieville Market in Jonathan Ashbridges Park (south of Queen St E. and west of Coxwell) Sunday September 23rd 9am – 2pm.

Stop by the NANPS booth as you browse the market for local and sustainably grown veggies, meat, baked goods, prepared foods, and enjoy live bands!

16 Jun

NANPS is thrilled to have an information table at the upcoming Leslieville Tree Festival: a family friendly event celebrating our urban forests. The day includes displays from environmental groups and green vendors, exciting performances from local musicians and performers, a wide array of children’s activities, exhibits from local artists and a ceremonial tree planting.

Join us at Leslie Grove Park, 1158 Queen Street East, (corner of Queen St. East and Jones Ave), Toronto, Ontario.

09 Jun

Mark’s Choice Through the Garden Gate, is Toronto’s largest tour of private gardens. The self-guided tour format enables participants to discover the gardens at their own pace following a map and garden guide that contains descriptions of each featured garden. A complimentary shuttle bus is available for participants to “hop on and hop off” along the route.

NANPS volunteers will be at one of the gardens, which features native plants. June 9 and 10, 2018.

Through the Garden Gate

25 Apr

Speaker Series: A Swiftly Changing Landscape with Paul LaPorte
Date: Wednesday April 25, 2018, 7:30 pm
Location: Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. E, Toronto ON
Admission: NANPS members $5, Non-members $10
Tickets are available online here.
Register online and receive a free packet of local native plant seeds at the door. Your name will also included in a draw for a NANPS Plant Sale* voucher.
*The NANPS Plant Sale will be held at TBG on Saturday May 5th.

A Swiftly Changing Landscape

A discussion of the numerous threats to the survival of native plants and the organisms that depend on them since the time of European settlement. Attention will be placed on the importance of native plants to our ecology and how habitat loss, fragmentation, naturalized and invasive species impact biodiversity.

Paul Laporte is the owner of Ephemeral Ark Nursery (specializing in native woodland species). Living in the Greenbelt of the GTA, he has stewarded and studied numerous native plant communities within multiple ecotypes and varied microclimates. He maintains a strong knowledge of Ontario native plant species and regularly consults on ecological gardening and design. Paul is a past president of the North American Native Plant Society and is a passionate advocate on the importance of native plants.

21 Apr

NANPS & Toronto Botanical Garden are thrilled to bring you this visually stunning documentary, Hometown Habitat, on Saturday April 21st, 4-6pm, at the Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave East, Toronto. Featuring interviews with passionate experts and activists, and narrated by renowned entomologist Douglas Tallamy, the film challenges the notion that humans are here and nature is someplace else.

TBG and NANPS members: $10
General Public: $12

Register today

Watch the Trailer

11 Apr

Speaker Series: Tracing the Roots of Native Plants with Paul LaPorte
Date: Wednesday April 11, 2018, 7:30 pm
Location: Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. East, Toronto
Admission: NANPS Members $5, Non-members $10
Tickets are available online.
Register online and receive a free packet of local native plant seeds at the door. Your name will also included in a draw for a NANPS PLant Sale* voucher.
*The NANPS Plant Sale will be held at TBG on Saturday May 5th.

Tracing the Roots of Native Plants

On Wednesday April 11th, 7:30 pm 2018, Paul will be presenting Tracing the Roots of Native Plants. Paul will explore what defines a ‘native’ plant, and look at the evolution of plants and the impact of people on our native plant communities. An emphasis will be placed the native plants of Ontario and how they came to flourish in the area. Paul will also be speaking at TBG on April 25th! Tickets for April 25th talk available here.

Paul Laporte is the owner of Ephemeral Ark Nursery (specializing in native woodland species). Living in the Greenbelt of the GTA, he has stewarded and studied numerous native plant communities within multiple ecotypes and varied microclimates. He maintains a strong knowledge of Ontario native plant species and regularly consults on ecological gardening and design. Paul is a past president of the North American Native Plant Society and is a passionate advocate on the importance of native plants.

04 Nov

AGM and Social


This is the perfect chance to meet with NANPS directors and other NANPS members over snacks and refreshments. A display of NANPS materials will be available as well as our financial report and info about volunteer opportunities. Awards will be presented. Come a bit early or stay after to explore the Toronto Botanical Garden and adjacent Edwards Gardens and Wilket Creek Park.

Indigenous Environmental History of Toronto

The keynote address will be given by Dr. Jon Johnson, an interdisciplinary community-based scholar, whose research focuses on Indigenous knowledge and stories of Indigenous presence in the Toronto region. Jon is a lead organizer for First Story Toronto, an Indigenous-led group that shares Toronto’s vast and rich Indigenous history through tours and a smartphone App.

Date: Saturday November 4, 2017, noon to 4:00 pm
Location: Garden Hall, Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. E, Toronto ON
Open to NANPS members and the general public, refreshments provided. The event is free, but we ask that you register to reserve your spot.

Before our AGM, from 9:00 – 11:30 am, join the Park People in the Garden Hall for a native plant workshop. It is free, but please Register

28 Sep

Wild Bees Lecture, Heather Holm

Honey Bees Bookcover
Wild bees live among us and contribute greatly to our lives, yet we know so little about them. Heather Holm is determined to change that. During this presentation, she will take us on a detailed exploration of the life cycle, nesting habitat, pollen collection, brood rearing and general characteristics of wild bees found in the Great Lakes region. The pollination of native plants and the mutualism between plants and bees will also be discussed.

Book signing: Heather’s books Pollinators of Native Plants and Bees; An Identification and Native Plant Forage Guide will be available for sale in the TBG Garden Shop prior to the event and she will sign copies after her lecture.

Date: Thursday September 28, 2017. Doors open at 6:30 pm and the lecture will start at 7:30 pm.
Location: Toronto Botanical Garden, 777 Lawrence Ave. E, Toronto ON
Cohosted by Toronto Botanical Garden

Register Today

NANPS & TBG Members are FREE (please reserve your spot by registering onlline.)
NANPS & TBG Members bring a friend for $10 each
Public $15; students (with ID) $12.

10 Jun

Awesome and educational! Those are the words to describe the Bioblitz in Caledon on June 10 and 11th. Thank you Escarpment Biosphere Conservancy(EBC), Richard Aaron, and to all who participated in the Blitz at the Simmons Nature Reserve. Many flora and fauna species were seen and recorded. It was hot, sticky, and the mosquitoes were eating us alive, but people were still interested in learning about the wildlife in the reserve. Some of the flora observed included ninebark, mountain maple, Eastern white cedar, alternate-leaved dogwood, red and white trilliums, wild and woodland strawberry. Some of the fauna observed included American toad, wood frog, red-backed salamander, and Eastern garter snake.

12 Apr

Connecting the Diversity Dots: Gardening with Native Plants, Lorraine Johnson
Date: Wednesday, April 12, 2017, doors open at 6:30, lecture at 7:30 pm
Location: Toronto Botanical Garden

Connecting the Biodiversity Dots: Gardening With Native PlantsLorraine Johnson
Lorraine is the author of many gardening books, including the recently revised 100 Easy-to-Grow Native Plants, which will be available for purchase and signing at this event. A past president of the North American Native Plant Society (NANPS), she is a long-time advocate for community gardening and Toronto’s urban forest.

This event is brought to you by the TBG and NANPS.
Members FREE (Bring a Friend for $10)
Public $15; Students (with ID) $12; Door sales only

22 Feb

Native Plants for Multi-Season Shade Gardens, Frank Kershaw

29 Mar

Building Biodiversity with Native Plants, Paul Laporte
Location: Fairview Public Library
Date: Tuesday March 29, 2016, 7:30 pm

Learn how to establish a native plant garden and habitat that supports critical food chains for birds and pollinators. Marvel at the life cycle of insects and pollinators that come to thrive in such spaces. Come out and delight in Paul’s beautiful photos coupled with his amazing animation and video clips.

Paul Laporte is the owner of Ephemeral Ark Nursery (specializing in native woodland species). Living in the Greenbelt of the GTA, he has stewarded and studied numerous native plant communities within multiple ecotypes and varied microclimates. He maintains a strong knowledge of Ontario native plant species and regularly consults on ecological gardening and design. Paul is a past president of the North American Native Plant Society and is a passionate advocate on the importance of native plants.

09 Feb

Propagating Native Plants: Getting Your Seeds to Grow, Stefan Weber

February 9, 2016, Fairview Public Library
Learn about tools needed for effective seed collecting and cleaning. Talk about challenges and techniques that work for propagating native plants from seed.

Stefan Weber is a restoration biologist with the St. Williams Nursery and Ecology Centre. He has worked previously with the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, the Toronto Botanical Garden and completed a Masters of Science in Evolutionary Biology at the University of Guelph. Combining his passion for horticulture, botany and environmental education. Stefan Advocates for the restoration and expansion of rare plant communities in Ontario.

Below is a video of Stefan Weber’s presentation. The talk and video were made possible by generous funding from the McLean Foundation.

30 Mar

Flowers and Food: Growing Edible Native Plants, Lorraine Johnson
In this illustrated talk, Lorraine Johnson will combine two timely and popular subjects—urban agriculture and native plant gardening—and inspire gardeners to grow edible native plants on their own properties.

Location: North York Central Library Auditorium (5120 Yonge St., Toronto, Ontario )
When: Monday, March 30, 2015, 7:30 – 8:30 pm.

Below is a video of the talk. The talk and video were made possible by generous funding from the McLean Foundation.

23 Jan

Community Canoe Project
What’s a Community Canoe Garden? NANPS has been working in conjunction with the David Suzuki Foundation’s Homegrown National Park project and helping to convert old canoes into pollinator-friendly native plant gardens. NANPS has provided funding and plenty of volunteers to assist in the creation of the canoe planters. Community Canoe Gardens have been installed in a number of parks, school yards etc. The photographs below are from a planting that took place in July, 2014 in Toronto’s Stanley Park.