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Plant Type: Herbaceous
Habitat: Woodland
Light Requirements: part sun, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, wet
Soil Type:
Height: 2 to 5 ft
Bloom Time: early summer
Flower Colour: white tinged green in clusters
Comments: Clusters of small purple-red berries in fall.
Germination: Seed will germinate upon being shifted to 70°F after 90 - 140 days of moist, cold stratification at 40°F. Seed will not germinate in presence of chemical inhibitors. Seed requires scarification because of an impermeable seed coat. Ferment or clean with hand blender. Seeds are flattened, about 1/16 inch long and hard. Fall sowing for germination the following spring. If you ferment rather than blend (blending scarifies asi it cleans) scarification with light sandpaper may improve germination,
Seed Ripens: fall
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